The Trees :
Teak (Tectona grandis):
Teak is considered one of the most valuable woods for plantations. It has been grown for more than 100's of years, and is a mainstay for many plantations. It is considered a very valuable wood due to its ability to withstand inclement weather. It even prevents any metal used in it from rusting. Teak is very stable, which means that it does not warp when subjected to variations in humidity and temperature. Teak requires very good drainage and a rich soil. It prefers a dry season of about three months.The Nilambur Teak is unique for its quality and is world famous for its golden yellow colour and beautiful grains.
Teak is usually planted when the seedlings or clones are four to six weeks old and is planted at a distance of six feet each.
Teak grows amazingly fast, particularly for a hardwood. Teak rapidly puts on height as well as diameter. After the trees start gaining height, one must prune the lower branches. The most valuable trees are those that grow straight and tall with no limbs in the trunk area. By pruning away all except the top 1/3 of the branches, you create superior wood. Because teak grows so fast, the plantation needs a lot of attention for the first three years.
Teak produces between 12 to 26 cubic meters in volume of wood per year. The price for teak has been going up steadily for many years, at a rate consistently over 6% per year.
Bamboo (Bambusa bambos) :
Indian Name - Bans
The bamboo is a perennial tree which grows upto a height of 12 meters .Every year between July and October, new shoots sprout at the base of the tree. Bamboo trees are always found in clusters. The stem of the tree is round, smooth and hollow. Nodes are swollen. Bamboo is presumed to have originated in Asia. The tree grows wild throughout most parts of India, especially in the hilly forests of western and southern India but it is cultivated in the lower Himalayas.
Elephants, deers, tigers, blue monkeys, bears, boars, rabbits etc. are found in the forests along with a variety of birds and reptiles. Forests are the main source of raw material for a number of wood-based industrial units. Besides timber, firewood and green manure, forest produces like honey, medicinal herbs, spices etc. are collected. Minor forest produces are collected by the tribals. A Girijan Society functions for ensuring fair prices for collected items and for arranging supply of essential commodities to the tribal families. Bamboo for pulp factories is mainly supplied form Nilambur forests. The forests are protected by two forest divisions-Nilambur North and Nilambur South. The social forestry division promotes planting of trees outside forest lands, for protecting the forests.
The Biggest Living Teak: Kannimara teak
It is the biggest living teak tree not only in India but also in the world, located in Parambikulam Wild Life Sanctuary in the district of Palghat, Kerala. It is 47.5 m tall with a girth of 642 cm. It is located at a distance of 80kms from Nilambur.
Beyond Chaliyar river, 27 Km from Nilambur, is Valamthode, a hill top where a perennial waterfall attracts people. This too is a tribal settlement. Road accessibility is through Kozhikode district by Areekode-Mukkam Road.
Adyanpara in Kurmbalangod village of Nilambur Taluk is famous for its waterfalls and the splendor of the wooded jungle surrounding it. This cascade is a spectacle of unrivalled grandeur. The wild beauty of this place is a rare treat for the eyes and heart of the travellers.